Chichen Itza – The Mexican Wonder

Chichen Itza, the most famous Mayan temple city, was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of Post Classic and served as the political and economic center of the Mayan civilization. Chichen Itza which means “at the mouth of the well of Itza”, is the 2nd most visited archeological site of Mexico. The brilliant ruins of Chichen Itza evidence a dazzling ancient city that once centered the Maya empire in Central America.

Chichen-Itza



The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades and other stone structures of Chichen Itza were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200. The most recognizable structure is the Temple of Kukulkan, also known as El Castillo. This glorious step pyramid demonstrates the accuracy and importance of Maya astronomy and the heavy influence of the Toltecs, who invaded around 1000 and precipitated a merger of the two cultural traditions. The temple has 365 steps—one for each day of the year. Each of the temple’s four sides has 91 steps, and the top platform makes the 365th. Devising a 365-day calendar was just one feat of Maya science. Incredibly, twice a year on the spring and autumn equinoxes, a shadow falls on the pyramid in the shape of a serpent. As the sun sets, this shadowy snake descends the steps to eventually join a stone serpent head at the base of the great staircase up the pyramid’s side.

The Maya’s astronomical skills were so advanced they could even predict solar eclipses, and an impressive and sophisticated observatory structure remains on the site today. This great city’s only permanent water source was a series of sinkhole wells. Spanish records report that young female victims were thrown into the largest of these, live, as sacrifices to the Maya rain god thought to live in its depths. Archaeologists have since found their bones, as well as the jewelry and other precious objects they wore in their final hours.

Chichen Itza was more than a religious and ceremonial site. It was also a sophisticated urban center and hub of regional trade. But after centuries of prosperity and absorbing influxes of other cultures like the Toltecs, the city met a mysterious end. Chichen Itza’s ball court is the largest known in the Americas, measuring 168 meters long and 70 meters wide. During ritual games here, players tried to hit a 5.4 kilogram rubber ball through stone scoring hoops set high on the court walls. Competition must have been fierce indeed—losers were put to death. Recently this World Heritage site was accorded another honor. In a worldwide vote Chichén Itzá was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Millions of tourist comes to visit this place every year from different parts of the world. If you are thinking about taking a trip to this wonderful place call us toll free @877-247-7183 and our travel experts will be happy to help you. Also you can check our exclusive deals and discounts at: http://www.travelation.com.

Machu Picchu – A Wonder Between the Clouds

Machu Picchu also known as “The Lost city of the Incas”and is the one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. It is located 130 Km northwest of Cusco in the Urubamba province at the top of a mountain of the same name and surrounded by an abyss of slightly over 400 meters that forms the Urubamba River canyon.

Machu-Picchu



It was constructed in the year 1450 and was left abandoned a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Because of its location many visitors of this Peruvian Historic Sanctuary wonder how its old settlers moved these large blocks of stone that constitute this archaeological site and built this immense city at the top of a mountain. This mystery has generated several theories about its origin. Some people believe it is a fortress and therefore it is called “citadel” while others think that it is a religious and sacred place where the Incas worshiped their gods and made sacrifices as their main activities. According to recent investigations the most likely explanation is that Machu Picchu was built by order of Pachacutec, “the Emperor Inca”, as a resting place. Hiram Bingham was the first person to bring word of the ruins to the outside world in 1911. Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983.

Machu Picchu is divided in two areas: the agricultural area which includes large Inca terraces and the urban area which is the place where the Incas lived and organized their religious and civil activities. The latter has indeed two sectors, Hanan, “High Sector”, inhabited by the Inca and his descendants and Urin, “Low Sector”, destined to the rest of the population. This Historic Sanctuary is surrounded by a marvelous landscape full of color. The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna. It includes more than 200 orchid species and large ancient trees such as quenual, walnut and cedar. It is also a place to observe birds and mammals such as the Andean Condor, the Cock of the Rocks which is very representative of Peru, and the Spectacled Bear, among others. The mysterious ruins of Machu Picchu, one of the most intriguing destinations on the planet offers an unforgettable magical experience to hikers, tourists, and the early explorers as they climb their way through the Inca Trail.

Millions of tourist comes to visit this place every year from different parts of the world. If you thinking about taking a trip to this wonderful place call us toll free @877-247-7183 and our travel experts will be happy to help you. Also you can check our all deals and discounts at: http://www.travelation.com.

FIFA Football World Cup 2014

The FIFA World Cup 2014 will be 20th World Cup. It is an international men’s football tournament that is scheduled in Brazil this year. This is the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition. The total 31 countries advanced through competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil. Total 64 matches are to be played in 12 cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums, with the tournament beginning with a group stage. For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the matches will use goal-line technology. This method is used to determine when the ball has completely crossed the goal line with electronic devices and at the same time it shows the result to the referee in awarding a goal or not. After testing several systems over two years, FIFA awarded German company GoalControl GmbH the contract to provide GLT technology for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

FIFA-World-Cup



There are 32 countries, and these countries divided in to 8 groups are:
Group A: – BRAZIL, CROATIA, MEXICO, CAMEROON
Group B: – SPAIN, NETHERLANDS, CHILE, AUSTRALIA
Group C: – COLOMBIA, GREECE, CÔTE D’IVOIRE, JAPAN
Group D: – URUGUAY, COSTA RICA, ENGLAND, ITALY
Group E: – SWITZERLAND, ECUADOR, FRANCE, HONDURAS
Group F: – ARGENTINA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, IRAN, NIGERIA
Group G: – GERMANY, PORTUGAL, GHANA, USA
Group H: – BELGIUM, ALGERIA, RUSSIA, KOREA REPUBLIC


Games are to be played at 12 stadiums in 12 cities of Brazil and these are Arena De Sao Paulo in Sao Paulo, Estadio Mineirao in Belo Horizonte, Estadio Castelao in Fortaleza, Estadio Do Maracana in Rio de Janeiro, Estadio Nacional in Brasilia, Arena Pernambuco in Recife, Arena Fonte Nova in Salvador, Estadio Pantanal in Cuiaba, Estadio Da Baixada in Curitiba, Estadio Amazonia in Manaus, Estadio Das Dunas in Natal and Estadio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre.

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New 7 Wonders of the World – No.2 Petra in Jordan

Petra is situated in the Great Rift Valley of the Wadi Musa in Jordan and is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. A UNESCO site, the ancient city is often referred to as “The Rose Colored City” in reference to the color of the rock. This is also called “The Lost City”, as it was lost to the Western world until it was rediscovered in 1812 by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Berckhardt. UNESCO describes Petra as One of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage. With amazing history and ancient architecture Petra is very famous among travelers and millions of tourists come every year to visit.

Petra-in-Jordan



History:-

Petra was designed by the Nabataean Arabs, Who carved beautiful structures and buildings into the mountains in Jordan. Serving as their capital, it was created back in the first century, during a time when the Nabatean Kingdom was flourishing. It is also known as the “Lost City” because it was only rediscovered by explorers in 1812. For hundreds of years, it was lost in the desert canyons of Jordan.

Inside Petra Jordan:-

Inside it you will find the mixture of artistic engineering, advancement of laser guide, levels and modern machinery. The most amazing is that most of the structures are carved, not built. Several main structures are larger than life with towering columns that will dwarf anyone standing next to them. Caves carved from sheer rock faces, a theater carved in stone and many more stone structures.

As you go closer look as you walk through the path leading to Petra reveals an elaborate water delivery system that brought water into the heart of Petra. The Romans added to the structure of Petra as it is evident from the columns and other Roman structures, however, in 363 A.D. a massive earthquake leveled most free standing structures but the original construction of Petra was unharmed as they were actually carved from the rock.

While in Jordan you can also see other places like Wadi Mujib, Dead Sea and the Gourge. Plan a trip to Jordan with Travelation and get huge discount on ticket booking. For more info call us toll free @877-247-7183.

Places You would Love to visit in San Francisco, California

One of the most visited cities in California is San Francisco. Beauty and soothing climate conditions attract many travelers every year. San Francisco city is located in small area of seven-by-seven mile square of land but there are lots of things that make it the best tourist place. This is also the financial and cultural hub San Francisco Bay area and Northern California. Here are some major things that you would love to do in San Francisco:

THE-GOLDEN-PARKBRIDGE



Golden Gate Bridge:- This should be top of your list when you are in SFO. This is a suspension bridge between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. This orange colored bridge is 1.7 miles long. Once it was called “the bridge that couldn’t be built” because the bridge was to be made with support of two long cables. Now, it is listed in the new Seven Wonders of the World. It is one of the most beautiful and most photographed bridges in the world.

harbor



Harbor Tour: - One of the best ways to see the beauty of San Francisco is by water. There you can find lots of companies that offering harbor tours in different schedules and price. But if you want to go Alcatraz Island then only few island tours are allowed there, but the typical harbor tour will circle the island so you have plenty of options for photography.

ride



Ride the cable Car: - You can never end up your tour to this magnificent city without exploring the city via the famous cable cars. It is an iconic symbol of the city. This is one of the most ancient and comfortable ride. It is operated since 1800’s and is the last cable car system that is operated manually.

golden-gate-park



The Golden Gate Park: - Golden Gate Park is famous for its countless trees and Victorian greenhouse. Victorian greenhouse is the oldest greenhouse. The park also has a Bison Paddock at one end, with a herd of bison you can observe.

musems



Art and Museums: - If you are art and culture loving then you have lots of options to see like concerts, plays, ballet and many other musical events. You can also see silent, classical and rare movies at San Francisco.

wine



Taste the best wine: - If you are visiting San Francisco and you should not miss to taste the savor wines that are produced at Napa Valley. You will be mesmerized by the beauty of the picturesque landscapes of these wineries. It is located in the north of the San Francisco Bay area and attracts many travelers towards it.

Not limited to these, you will love the night life, food and many historical places in San Francisco.

Saint Patrick’s Day

Saint Patrick’s Day is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on 17 March every year. This festival is celebrated to honor St. Patrick, a patron saint and national apostle of Ireland who helped convert the people of Ireland to Christianity. The day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland as well as celebrates the heritage and culture of the Irish. Saint Patrick’s Day is observed as a celebration of Irish and Irish American culture, and the use of the color green is predominant.

Saint-Patrick-Day




The Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations generally mark public parades, church services, Irish themed parties, music and songs, Ceilithe, the wearing of green attire or shamrocks, Irish food and drinks. Saint Patrick’s Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Newfoundland and Labrador and Montserrat. It is also widely celebrated by the Irish diaspora around the world, especially in Britain, Canada, the United States, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.


Background:

Saint Patrick wasn’t Irish. He was born in Britain around A.D. 390 into a wealthy Romano-British family.. At the age of sixteen, he was kidnapped by Irish raiders and taken captive to Ireland as a slave. According to his Confession, he was told by God in a dream to flee from captivity to the coast, where he would board a ship and return to Britain. Upon returning, he quickly joined the Church in Auxerre in Gaul and studied to be a priest. In 432, he was again called back to Ireland, though as a bishop, to Christianize the Irish from their native polytheism.


Public Life:

St Patrick’s Day is not a federal holiday in the United States and schools, offices and organizations are open as usual. Public transport systems run on their regular schedules.

Easter Festival in USA

Easter Sunday is an important day in the Christian church calendar. Many Christians celebrate Jesus Christ’s resurrection on Easter Sunday. The Easter date depends on the ecclesiastical approximation of the March equinox. Ester is celebrated all across the globe with much pomp and vigor, Easter is one time when people forget their differences and come together in large groups to enjoy this day. The Easter traditions in America mark the arrival of spring and the period to celebrate the rebirth of Jesus Christ. During Easter traditions you can enjoy parades, carnivals, Easter egg decorations, music and much more.



What do people do?

Many churches hold special services on Easter Sunday, which celebrate the Jesus Christ’s rebirth after his crucifixion. Many people also decorate eggs. These can be hard boiled eggs that can be eaten later, but may also be model eggs made of plastic, chocolate, candy or other materials. It is also common to organize Easter egg hunts. Eggs of some form are hidden, supposedly by a rabbit or hare. People, especially children, then search for them. In some areas, Easter egg hunts are a popular way for local businesses to promote themselves or may even be organized by churches. Easter symbols like bunnies, Easter tree, Easter Eggs and Easter lamb make their presence felt in every corner of the street, churches, shops and homes. During Easter time, people in US binge on Easter delights like baked ham, potatoes, vegetables and other homemade delights. Easter wedding is a popular trend in USA. People in USA usually like to their tie nuptial knot on this propitious day.

Background

In Pagan times, many groups of people organized spring festivals. Many of these celebrated the re-birth of nature, the return the land to fertility and the birth of many young animals. In Christian times, the spring began to be associated with Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection. The crucifixion is remembered on Good Friday and the resurrection is remembered on Easter Sunday. The idea of the resurrection joined with the ideas of re-birth in Pagan beliefs.

Public life on Easter Day

Easter Sunday is not a federal holiday but a number of stores are closed in many parts of the US and if they are open, they may have limited trading hours.

If you are planning a USA vacation, then why not take at the time of Easter festival. Easter is a major religious festival of Christians that is celebrated in a grand manner. This year, this festival falls on 20th April. It’s a great time to book your flight tickets for celebrating Easter festival in USA. Book with Travelation and get exclusive travel deals to USA.

Top 8 Travel products of 2014

Valid Passport

British Passport with Microchip


A valid passport with at least 6 months left before the expiry date. This is a very essential travel item and hence it should be at the top of the list. Every country demands to see a valid passport for travel. After all you can’t even get out of your own country if you don’t have valid passport.

Credit Card


When you are planning for travel, speak to your bank to let them know you’re going around the world travelling so that they can advise you about the international usage fees you may be charged.

Rucksack


You don’t want a heavy suitcase when you go around the world travelling; you need a Rucksack which is more comfortable and easy to carry.

Clothing and Footwear


Choose appropriate clothes and footwear by keep in the mind of weather of the place where you are going.

A Padlock


Always carry a padlock for the safety of luggage. And also some of the cheaper hostels and guesthouses may require you to use your own padlock on your door. In some places you may feel safer by adding your padlock to the door.

A Guide Book


Always carry a guide book of the place, you are going to. It can be a good way of learning about places that you never heard but may like to visit. It is good to carry maps, local directory.

First-Aid Kit


Always carry essential medicines in your first-aid box. Band aids, painkillers, medical tape, bandages, antiseptic cream etc.

Camera


Wherever you go camera is one of the most essential product. You can save that photos as a memory and also you can share your experience with others.

Travelation Mobile App for Flight Search

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