World’s Top Greatest Ancient Ruins

The Ancient ruins give us a connection to the past. Here are world’s greatest and famous ruins that attract millions of visitors every year:

Great Wall, Badaling, China: - The Great Wall is greatest wonder of the world and was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. It stretches for 5,500 miles across China. This point is easily accessible with 70 miles of Beijing. What is visible today was built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and the construction began on various sections as far back as 770 B.C. And the credit of the construction goes to the million slaves and prisoners of war who carried blocks of granite, bricks, and stones at the top.

Great-Wall-Badaling-China



Colosseum, Rome: - The Colosseum was commissioned around A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman people. And was completed in A.D. 80, the arena held 50,000 spectators who watched mythology based dramas and reenactments of land and sea battles as well as executions, fights-to-the-death among gladiators, and the ghastly slaughter of wild animals.

Colosseum-Rome



Roman Forum, Rome: - The Roman Forum was the central area of the city around which ancient Rome developed. This is 700 yard long piazza has been both marketplace and government center. The social center of Rome for 1,200 years beginning in the fifth century B.C., this 700 yard long piazza has been both marketplace and government center. The main sight of the Forum includes the Arch of Titus, the Temple of Saturn, Temple of Vesta, and the church of San Luca e Martina. These are all linked by the Sacra Via the main road through the Forum.

Roman-Forum-Rome



Pyramids of Giza, Egypt: - As one of the original Seven Wonders of the World and certainly the symbol of Egypt, the Pyramids have venerability cred going back 4,500 years. Yet we still don’t know for sure how the ancient Egyptians built them, which only adds to their intriguing appeal to travelers. The three major tombs for pharaohs at this UNESCO World Heritage Site are now surrounded on three sides by the pressures of Cairo, a city teeming with nearly 11 million people.

Pyramids-of-Giza-Egypt



Acropolis, Athens: - A seemingly intact temple to the goddess Athena that’s the symbol of both Classical Greece and the origins of democracy. Built in the fifth century B.C., the Parthenon has lost many of its friezes and marble sculptures to plundering for European museums—with sporadic negotiations to try to get them back.

Acropolis-Athens



Efes (Ephesus), Turkey: - Thirty years ago Ephesus was a nearly forgotten Roman ruin in an area of sparsely populated Turkish villages. Now much of the local economy is driven by it. The library and other buildings have been restored to give a sense of this large city 2,000 years ago, and concerts are still held in the 25,000-seat theater. Carved into a block in the marble road is what is believed to be an advertisement for a brothel.

Efes-Turkey



Teotihuacan, Mexico: - The terraced Pyramids of the Sun and Moon dominate the ancient plaza of this sacred city built between the first and seventh centuries. At 250 yards on a side and 200 feet tall, the Pyramid of the Sun is the third largest pyramid in the world. But the Temple of Quetzalcoatl is more decorated—dedicated to the plumed serpent god that figures prominently in its sculptures and reliefs.

Teotihuacan-Mexico



Hierapolis, Turkey: - The brilliant white terraced pools of the Pamukkale “cotton palace” hot springs attract many people to this area every year. Built just above the half mile wide 65 foot tall travertine wonder in 190 B.C., this ancient “spa town” has ruins of temples, a well-preserved theater and a Sacred Pool where visitors float above broken Roman columns.

Hierapolis-Turkey



Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico: - The s1tepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades and other stone structures of Chichen Itza were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200. Mayans began construction in the seventh century and Toltecs who arrived three centuries later. Large plumed-serpent-head statues of Kukulcan or Quetzalcoatl fill the site, which is about 125 miles from Mérida, Cancun, and Riviera Maya on the Caribbean coast.

Chichen-Itza-Yucatan-Mexico



Ellora Caves, India: - Ellora is an archaeological site in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Ellora also called Verula or Elura, is the cave form of Ancient name Elapura. Ellora is known for Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples built during 6th and 9th centuries. Rather than actual caves, many are carved out rock buildings filled with thousands of intricate reliefs and sculptures.

Ellora-Caves-India



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Chichen Itza – The Mexican Wonder

Chichen Itza, the most famous Mayan temple city, was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of Post Classic and served as the political and economic center of the Mayan civilization. Chichen Itza which means “at the mouth of the well of Itza”, is the 2nd most visited archeological site of Mexico. The brilliant ruins of Chichen Itza evidence a dazzling ancient city that once centered the Maya empire in Central America.

Chichen-Itza



The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades and other stone structures of Chichen Itza were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200. The most recognizable structure is the Temple of Kukulkan, also known as El Castillo. This glorious step pyramid demonstrates the accuracy and importance of Maya astronomy and the heavy influence of the Toltecs, who invaded around 1000 and precipitated a merger of the two cultural traditions. The temple has 365 steps—one for each day of the year. Each of the temple’s four sides has 91 steps, and the top platform makes the 365th. Devising a 365-day calendar was just one feat of Maya science. Incredibly, twice a year on the spring and autumn equinoxes, a shadow falls on the pyramid in the shape of a serpent. As the sun sets, this shadowy snake descends the steps to eventually join a stone serpent head at the base of the great staircase up the pyramid’s side.

The Maya’s astronomical skills were so advanced they could even predict solar eclipses, and an impressive and sophisticated observatory structure remains on the site today. This great city’s only permanent water source was a series of sinkhole wells. Spanish records report that young female victims were thrown into the largest of these, live, as sacrifices to the Maya rain god thought to live in its depths. Archaeologists have since found their bones, as well as the jewelry and other precious objects they wore in their final hours.

Chichen Itza was more than a religious and ceremonial site. It was also a sophisticated urban center and hub of regional trade. But after centuries of prosperity and absorbing influxes of other cultures like the Toltecs, the city met a mysterious end. Chichen Itza’s ball court is the largest known in the Americas, measuring 168 meters long and 70 meters wide. During ritual games here, players tried to hit a 5.4 kilogram rubber ball through stone scoring hoops set high on the court walls. Competition must have been fierce indeed—losers were put to death. Recently this World Heritage site was accorded another honor. In a worldwide vote Chichén Itzá was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

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