The Great Wall of China is a legendary masterwork of human achievement. It is one of the greatest wonders of the world, was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. The Great Wall stretching approximately 8,851.8 kilometers from east to west of China. With a history of more than 2000 years some of the sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. But still it is one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.
Construction: - The mystery of the construction of the wall is amazing. The Wall was majorly constructed by local resources and was carried out in-line with the local conditions under the management of contract and responsibility system. A great army of manpower, composed of soldiers, prisoners and local people built the wall. The construction result demonstrates the wisdom and tenacity of the Chinese people.
History: - The history of the Great Wall started from the Spring and Autumn Periods when seven powerful states appeared at the same time. In order to defend themselves they built walls and stationed troops on the borders. At that time, the total length of the wall had already reached 3,107 miles, belonging to different states. The Great Wall is actually a series of several walls built at different times by different emperors.
The Emperor Qin in 221BC absorbed the other six states and set up the first United Kingdom in Chinese history. So in order to strengthen his newly born authority and defend the Huns in the north, he ordered connecting the walls once built by the other states as well as adding some sections of his own. Thus was formed the long Qin’s Great Wall which started from the east of today’s Liaoning Province and ended at Lintao, Gansu Province.
In the Western Han Dynasty, the Huns were more powerful. The Han court started to build more walls on a larger scale in order to consolidate the countries border. In the west, the wall along the Hexi corridor, Yumenguan Pass and Yangguan Pass was built. In the north, Yanmenguan Pass and Niangziguan Pass in Shanxi were set up. Many more sections of the wall extended to Yinshan Mountain and half of the ancient Silk Road was along the Han’s wall.
The Northern Wei, Northern Qi and Northern Zhou Dynasties all built their own sections but on a smaller scale than the walls in the Han Dynasty. The powerful Tang Dynasty saw peace between the northern tribes and central China most of the time, so few wall sections were built in this period.
The Ming Dynasty is the peak of wall building in Chinese history. The Ming suffered a lot by disturbances from minority tribes such as the Dadan, Tufan and Nuzhen. The Ming court from its first emperor to the last ceaselessly built walls in the north. The main line started from Jiuliancheng near the Yalu River in the east to the Jiayuguan Pass in the west and measured over 4,600 miles. Besides adding many more miles of its own, the Ming emperors ordered enlargement of the walls of previous dynasties into double-line or multi-line walls.
The Great Wall of China has become a symbol of an entire nation and the only man made structure visible from orbit. It attracts million of visitors all around the world. If you thinking about taking a trip to China call us toll free @877-247-7183 to make all the arrangements.