The Great Pyramids of Giza are part of the Giza Necropolis that includes the three prominent pyramids of Menkaura (Mycerimus), Khufu (Cheops), and Khafra (Chephren). The Great Pyramid of Giza also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids.
The Great Pyramids of Giza are situated west of the Nile River, near Cairo, Egypt, and are believed to have been built between 2300 B.C. and 2500 B.C. The Egyptian people believed that death was the beginning of a new journey. For this reason pyramids were constructed. It was not just a space to place dead body, it kept the capacity to hold multiple items that the Pharaohs would need in their next life.
The Great Pyramids is the only remaining of old Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. And it is believed that the Great Pyramid of Khufu was constructed as the burial place for Khufu by a Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh. Spanning 13 acres, the Great Pyramid of Khufu is generally thought to be composed over two million stone blocks weighing an average of two tons. Although there are several theories, it is generally thought that the Egyptians moved the massive stones using log rollers and sledges. With the slope of the faces at approximately 51.5 degrees, the Great Pyramid of Khufu is 756 feet square and 481 feet tall. Completing the trio of pyramids is the pyramid of Khufu’s son Khafra and his grandson Menkaura.
The Great Pyramid of Giza contains three identified chambers. The King and Queen’s chambers are elevated above the lowest chamber. The lowest chamber is carved into the rock layer upon the base of the pyramid and was unfinished. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the sole Egyptian pyramid proven to have both upward and downward passageways. The major section of the Giza complex is a grouping of structures made up of two mortuary shrines in honor of Khufu.
The Pyramids of Menkaura, Khufu and Kafhre were not finished by the end of each Pharaoh’s term in power. This was a common occurrence in Egypt simply due to the time involved in constructing such massive structures. The Great Pyramids of Giza and the entire Giza Necropolis also known as the Giza Valley.
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