In the period of more than 125 years from the beginning of the 19th century, the creations of some of the world’s most remarkable adventures were identified. These are popularly known as great wonders of the world. These are the symbols of human creativity and the determination of the human spirit.
Ancient Seven Wonders: – In the beginning idea of Seven Wonders of the World occurred earlier during Herodotus (484 BC – 425 BC) and Callimachus (305 BC – 240 BC). According to their analysis, Seven Wonders of the World included
• The Great Pyramid of Giza
• Hanging Gardens of Babylon
• Statue of Zeus at Olympia
• Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
• Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus
• Colossus of Rhodes
• Lighthouse of Alexandria
Among all of them, only the Great Pyramid of Giza still exists. The other six were ruined by earthquake, fire, or other causes.
New Seven Wonders: - The new seven Wonders Foundation claimed that more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone. This campaign was originated in 2000 by Swiss film producer, author and aviator Bernard Weber to choose the seven new wonders of the world through the global voting campaign. The organizers had said that the competition is not planned to replace the Ancient Seven Wonders, but to care for other historical landmarks and improve global cultural heritage awareness.
In the year 2001 a Swiss Corporation, New Open World Corporation started the process of selecting New Seven Wonders of the World. Finally on January 1, 2006 after studying and analyzing several criteria, it announced 21 finalists from nearly 200 nominations from around the world. One among them, The Great Pyramids of Giza in Egypt was designated as an honorary celebratory wonder. From the remaining 20, seven sites were selected by worldwide vote, through Internet and phone polling. Finally, on 07/07/07(July 07, 2007 a very special day) seven new wonders of the world were declared in a grand ceremony in Lisbon.
The final poll produced this list of the world’s top human-built wonders
• Great Pyramids of Giza in Egypt(Honorary Candidate)
• The Great Wall of China
• Petra in Jordan
• Brazil’s statue of Christ the Redeemer
• Peru’s Machu Picchu
• Mexico’s Chichen Itza pyramid
• The Colosseum in Rome
• India’s Taj Mahal
Online voting and SMS system were used for the first time to select New Seven Wonders of the World. In further section we are going to explain the history of all these Wonders one by one.